Two-Spirit Resources

For information about the website, organization, book, or other resource, just click on the + next to the item. This will also provide the active hyperlinks to click on.

Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America, by Will Roscoe. Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.
Theoretical insights into the nature of gender diversity in North America and the differences between Native American culture and contemporary North American culture. The author’s primary focus is on the “berdaches”, (a now out-of-date term) Native American individuals embodying both genders or those of two spirits, and the many forms of discrimination they faced years ago and now. The information is made accessible and easy to understand for the reader despite being a historical read.
Available on
In addition to running gatherings and rituals, their website offers information for two-spirit individuals about traditional practices amidst other resources.
A Two-Spirit blog that includes resources and multimedia.
An extensive collection of links and data, their collection is impressive, even with the interspersed dead links.
Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature, edited by Dr. Qwo-Li Driskill, Chris Finley, Brain Joseph Gilley, and Scott Lauria Morgensen. University of Arizona Press, 2011.
A fairly academic read, this book gives the reader insight into the sexuality, tradition, and culture and how these impact indigenous people from different lands. This work is a dialogue and a working discussion between the contributors who model through their varied identities and fields of expertise, such as Native, trans, straight, two-spirit (berdache), feminist, queer, anthropology, sociology, and ethnic and indigenous cultures.
Available on
This is a toolkit on creating safer spaces for Two Spirit youth in schools created by the Two-Spirit Circle of Edmonton. tBook.pdf
Two Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality, edited by Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas and Sabine Lang. University of Illinois Press, 1997.
Available on
“Two-Spirit Resource Directory,” prepared by Harlan Pruden (Cree) on behalf of the National Confederacy of Two-Spirit Organizations and NorthEast Two-Spirit Society with the Stonewall Community Foundation, 2013.
Resource created by the Urban Native Youth Association (UNYA) in Vancouver, British Columbia with a needs assessment of Two Spirit youth throughout BC through survey results and associated projects and outreach.
We Are Part of a Tradition: A Guide on Two Spirited People for First Nations Communities, by Gilbert Deschamps. 2-Spirited People of the 1St Nations, 1998. –